Mr. Netanyahu said the new talks must be held without “preconditions,” including the state borders that the Palestinians want to find in the West Bank, East Jerusalem and the Gaza Strip, which Israel conquered during the 1967 Middle East war. The 1947 UN division plan transferred this territory to the Jewish state. After the 1948 Arab-Israeli war, Syria seized the country and the Jewish state and, as part of the 1949 ceasefire agreements with Israel, retained 66 square kilometres of the territory of the Jordan Valley, located west of the 1923 Palestinian border (marked in green on the map to the right). [27] These areas have been designated as demilitarized zones (DMZ) and have remained under Syrian control (designated as DMZ on the second map). It was stressed that the ceasefire line “should not be interpreted in the sense that it is in relation to final territorial agreements.” (Article V) In 1967, Israel annexed East Jerusalem and gave its Arab residents permanent resident status. They also had the right to apply for Israeli citizenship. On national territory, Israel attempted to emphasize the status of East Jerusalem as part of Israel through its 1980 Jerusalem Act. UN Security Council Resolution 478 struck down the law and no other nation recognized the statute. [18] On April 17, 2000, Israel announced that it was re-tracing its troops from Lebanon. The Lebanese government has refused to participate in the demarcation of borders. That is why the United Nations conducted its own survey on the line set out in Council Resolution 425, which called for “strict respect for Lebanon`s territorial integrity, sovereignty and political independence within its internationally recognized borders.” [Citation required] So what are the borders of 1967 and what does American policy have to do with it? There is Aaron David Miller, who worked for many years in Washington on the Middle East peace process for both Democratic and Republican secretaries of state. He`s at the Woodrow Wilson International Center For Scholars.

Welcome. One of Israel`s land borders was first formalized in 1979, when Egypt was the first Arab country to recognize the Jewish state. Under the treaty, Israel`s border with Egypt was established and Israel withdrew all its troops and settlers from Sinai, a process that ended in 1982. Israel thus continued to occupy the Gaza Strip, East Jerusalem and the Golan Heights, whose borders (with the exception of Egypt) were still demarcated from the 1949 ceasefire lines. However, border conflicts have taken place intermittently. Shebaa Farms was not unique; several other border villages had similar differences between borders and land ownership. Syria and Lebanon formed a joint Syrian-Lebanese border committee in the late 1950s to establish an adequate border between the two nations. In 1964, at the end of its work, the Committee proposed to both governments to consider the territory as the property of Lebanon and recommended that the international border be restored in accordance with its proposal. However, neither Syria nor Lebanon accepted the Committee`s proposal and neither country has any measures as proposed. Thus, the maps of the territory continued to reflect the farms in Syria.

[35] Even maps of the Syrian and Lebanese armies continued to demarcate the area on Syrian territory (see map). [35] In 1967, after Israel had conquered all the territories except the transjordan emirate of the former Palestinian Palestinians and other territories, the demarcation lines became militarily irrelevant, and the status of the Green Line became uncertain.